Importance of Agronomy

 Agronomy (Ancient Greek word meaning agros 'field' + nomos 'to manage') is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fiber, and land reclamation. Agronomy has come to encompass work in the areas of plant genetics, plant physiology, meteorology, and soil science. It is the application of a combination of sciences like biology, chemistry, economics, ecology, earth science, and genetics. Agronomists of today are involved with many issues, including producing food, creating healthier food, managing the environmental impact of agriculture, and extracting energy from plants.[1] Agronomists often specialize in areas such as crop rotation, irrigation and drainage, plant breeding, plant physiology, soil classification, soil fertility, weed control and insect and pest control.

 This area of agronomy involves selective breeding of plants to produce the best crops under various conditions. Plant breeding has increased crop yields and has improved the nutritional value of numerous crops, including corn, soybeans, and wheat. It has also led to the development of new types of plants. For example, a hybrid grain called triticale was produced by crossbreeding rye and wheat. Triticale contains more usable protein than does either rye or wheat. Agronomy has also been instrumental in fruit and vegetable


Laboratory of Agronomy

Sr. No.

Name of equipment’s

Use


Harrow

It is an implement for breaking up and smoothing out the surface of the soil. In this way it is distinct in its effect from the plough, which is used for deeper tillage.


Plough

plough or plow is a tool or farm implement used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil. 


Seed Drill

seed drill is a sowing device that sows the seed precisely in the soil at proper depth and distance. Then it covers them with soil. 


Bullock Cart

bullock cart or ox cart is a two-wheeled or four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). It is a means of transportation used since ancient times in many parts of the world.


Hoe

 

There are basically two types of hoe: push hoe and draw hoe. With a push hoe, the user moves backwards on to the un-hoed ground, and thus avoids walking on the newly-hoed weeds. With a draw hoe, the user moves forward towards the un-hoed ground and walks on the newly-hoed area. Raking off the hoed weeds is essential to prevent re-rooting.


Spade

The basic gardening tool is  the spade, used for digging, planting, hoeing, shovelling, and cutting lawn edges. Long-handled spades have more leverage when digging, but the short-handled spade encourages the user to grip the handle lower down - more under the load, and to use the leg muscles more.


Pickaxe

The pointed edge is most often used to break up rocky surfaces or other hard surfaces such as concrete or hardened dried earth. The chiseled end, if present, is used for purposes including cutting through roots.


Sickle

sickle, or bagging hook, is a hand-held agricultural tool designed with variously curved blades and typically used for harvesting, or reaping, grain crops or cutting succulent forage chiefly for feeding livestock, either freshly cut or dried as hay.


Khurpa

khurpa is a short handled cutting tool with a flat blade used for digging soil and weeding in small gardens or vegetable farms. 


Cup Anemometer

An anemometer is a device used for measuring the speed of wind, and is also a common weather station instrument. 


Rain Gauge

rain gauge is an instrument used by meteorologists and hydrologists to gather and measure the amount of liquid precipitation over a set period of time.


Soil Thermometer

thermometer used to measure the temperature of the soil


Single Stevenson screen

The Stevenson screen holds instruments that may include thermometers, a hygrometer, a psychrometer, a dewcell, a barometer and a thermograph. 


Wind Vane

To determine Wind Direction. Knowing the direction of the wind is an important part of predicting weather.


Open Pan Evaporimeter

Open Pan Evaporimeter is a simple mechanical device used for the measurement of evaporation in open air. These measures the rate of evaporation of water into the atmosphere, sometimes called an atmometer.